Overview of major onshore oil and gas pipelines in

2022-10-13
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Introduction to the main onshore oil and gas pipelines in China

crude oil pipelines in North China and central China. There are Dagang oil field and North China oil field in North China, both of which are laid with export crude oil pipelines. The refining and chemical enterprises in North China include Dongfanghong refinery and Dagang refinery in Yanshan, Beijing, Tianjin refinery, Cangzhou Refinery, Shijiazhuang Refinery, and baoencounter the most beautiful

crude oil pipelines in North China and central China

there are Dagang Oilfield and North China Oilfield in North China, both of which are equipped with export crude oil pipelines. The refining and chemical enterprises in North China, including Dongfanghong refinery and Dagang refinery, Tianjin refinery, Cangzhou Refinery, Shijiazhuang Refinery, and Bao encounter the most beautiful mermaid wealth trip. I sincerely invite merchants to join you and send them to my heart, family, career and love, Which refinery do you want, Inner Mongolia Hohhot refinery. The total length of crude oil pipeline is 1847.4 kilometers

the earliest crude oil trunk line built in North China is the Qinhuangdao Beijing line from Qinhuangdao to Beijing, which supplies raw oil to Beijing Dongfanghong refinery. The Qinhuangdao Beijing line was started in April 1974 and put into operation on June 19, 1975. The pipeline has a total length of 324.6 kilometers and an annual oil transportation capacity of 6million tons. It crosses 11 rivers, 14 railways, 40 highways, and 5 rivers (1574 meters from Yongding River) and canals. It is designed by Luoyang Petrochemical Design Institute (Sinopec Luoyang Petrochemical Engineering Company) and constructed by the third pipeline company and Jianghan Oilfield Construction Company

the Dagang zhoulizhuang oil pipeline was built in 1968, which is the only crude oil export pipeline in Dagang Oilfield. The starting point has changed many times. With a total length of 210.5 kilometers and an annual transmission capacity of 5million tons

the Renqiu Cangzhou crude oil pipeline, which was started on January 1st, 1976 and put into operation on April 1st, 1976, has a total length of 109 kilometers and an annual oil transportation capacity of 5 million tons. After transformation in 1983, it has an annual oil transportation capacity of 7.7 million tons. The crude oil pipeline with North China Oilfield as its source, as well as the Ren Cang double line; Rencang new line, Renqiu Beijing line (Renqiu to Beijing), Cang Linyi line (Cangzhou to Linyi), Hejian Shijiazhuang line (Hejian to Shijiazhuang), Renqiu Baoding line (Renqiu to Baoding), Asai line (Arshan to Saihantala)

the oilfields in the central region are distributed in Hubei and Henan provinces, including Jianghan Oilfield, Henan Oilfield and Zhongyuan Oilfield. The main oil refining enterprises are Hubei Jingmen refinery and Henan Luoyang refinery. The total length of crude oil pipeline is 1347.5 kilometers

Jianghan crude oil pipeline has Qianjiang Jingmen line (Qianjiang Jingmen), which was completed in 1970, with a total length of 90 kilometers and an annual transmission capacity of 1.7 million tons

Henan crude oil pipeline has Wei Jing line (Wei Gang to Jingmen) and Wei Jing double line

Zhongyuan crude oil pipeline includes Puyang Linyi line (Puyang Linyi), ZhongLuo line (Puyang Luoyang) and ZhongLuo double line

in addition, the total length of the crude oil pipeline from the port to the refinery is 859.3 kilometers

crude oil pipeline in Northeast China

Northeast China is the main base of crude oil production, including Daqing Oilfield, Liaohe Oilfield and Jilin Oilfield. The crude oil production accounts for 53.5% of the total national production, and the crude oil pipeline reaches 3399.6 kilometers

since 1966, after the annual output of Daqing Oilfield reached 10.6689 million tons, the proved oil resources have not been fully developed. In July 1970, Premier Zhou Enlai and Vice Premier Li Xiannian, in consultation with Yu Qiuli and Kang Shien, decided to use the reserve resources of Daqing Oilfield in advance, and decided to concentrate funds on the construction of Daqing crude oil export pipeline. On August 3, 1970, the Northeast pipeline construction leading group formally prepared for the meeting and named it the northeast "August 3 project"

the "August 3rd project" in Northeast China started with the construction of the Qingfu line from Daqing to Fushun. This pipeline crosses the Nenjiang River from maoxing, Zhaoyuan County, Heilongjiang Province, passes southward through Songyuan, Nong'an, Changchun, Gongzhuling, Lishu and Siping in Jilin Province, enters Changtu, Liaoning Province, passes through Tieling, and finally reaches Fushun, an industrial city with relatively concentrated refineries. The terminal station is located in kangletun, Fushun, and supplies oil to Fushun Petroleum Plant 1, plant 2 and plant 3 with branch lines. Qingfu line is 596.8 kilometers long, including 558.6 kilometers of 720mm diameter pipeline. It was started in September 1970, commissioned in August 1971, and officially transported oil on October 31. The total investment of the project is 293million yuan, and the annual oil transportation capacity is 20million tons. It is the first time in China to build long-distance, large-diameter pipelines to transport "three high" crude oil

after the completion of the Qingfu line, the headquarters officially established the survey and Design Institute (later merged with the Design Institute of the pipeline bureau to form the pipeline survey and Design Institute), and the construction team was also transferred in, officially incorporated into the first, second, and third divisions of Pipeline Engineering (later renamed as the first, second, and third companies of Pipeline Engineering). Since then, the continuation project has changed the practice of people's war with the formation of a professional team. The construction of the Tieling Qinhuangdao pipeline was started in 1972, the Daqing Tieling double line was started in October 1973, and the Tieling Dalian pipeline was started in October 1974. During this period, short-distance pipelines from Fushun to Anshan refinery, from the second petroleum plant to Liaoning power plant, from Dandong to Sinuiju, North Korea, and from Panjin to the fifth Jinxi petroleum plant were also built. By September, 1975, eight oil pipelines with a total length of 2471 kilometers were built in five years, including 2181 kilometers of main trunk lines, forming three oil transportation arteries with Tieling station as the hub, connecting Daqing to Fushun, Daqing to Qinhuangdao and Daqing to Dalian. The Northeast pipeline was gradually formed

The northeast "August 3rd project", which has strict requirements on wear resistance, flame retardancy and antistatic property, has explored an organization construction and management mode in line with China's national conditions for China's pipeline construction, and laid the foundation for various specifications in China's crude oil pipeline survey and design, engineering construction and operation management

crude oil pipeline in East China

the main oilfield in East China is Shandong Shengli Oilfield, which is the second largest oilfield after Daqing Oilfield. After Shengli Oilfield was put into development, two pipelines from Dongying to Xindian (1965) and from Linyi to Jinan (1972) were successively built to directly deliver oil to the two refineries in Qilu and Jinan. In 1974, after the completion of the Dongying Huangdao pipeline, crude oil began to be transported to the sea from the Huangdao Oil Port; After 1975, the construction of pipelines from Shandong to Yizheng and from Dongying to Linyi was started, which became the East China pipeline, and crude oil can be transferred from the Yizheng oil port of Gongjiang river. In 1978, the pipelines from Cangzhou to Linyi in Hebei Province and from Puyang to Linyi in Henan Province were completed. Some crude oil from East China Oilfield and Zhongyuan Oilfield also entered the East China crude oil pipeline. The Yizheng oil station (oil depot) on the North Bank of the Yangtze River has become the largest crude oil transfer base in East China where the cutting, measurement and experiment of samples should be carried out continuously. In addition to supplying the oil for Nanjing refinery, it transfers the oil to the refineries along the Yangtze River through Yizheng oil port. The total length of crude oil pipelines in East China is 2718.2 kilometers

the East China crude oil pipeline was planned from the construction of the Linyi Nanjing line, and then only to Yizheng, Jiangsu Province, which is still called the Lu Ning line; The construction of the Luning Pipeline Spans Shandong, Anhui and Jiangsu provinces. In the construction of this pipeline, the headquarters put forward the loud slogan of "pipeline for industry, cosmopolitan for home, hardship for glory, field battle for joy". The Luning line was officially started on October 20, 1975. It was constructed and put into operation in July 1978, with a total length of 652.58 kilometers and an annual transmission capacity of 20million tons. It was designed by the pipeline survey and Design Institute and constructed by the first, second and third companies of the pipeline

Dongying Xindian (Dongxin line) was commenced in January 1965 and completed and put into operation in December. The total length is 79.36 kilometers, the designed annual oil transportation capacity is 5.4 million tons, and the branch line is 7.5 kilometers

Linyi Jinan (Linji line) was completed and put into operation in 1973, with a total length of 67.3 kilometers and an annual oil transportation capacity of 1.1 million tons. It crosses three large rivers (the Yellow River, Tuhai River and Xiaoqing River). The Yellow River crossing is constructed by pipe jacking

Linyi double track was completed and put into operation in 1991. The total length is 69.5 kilometers, and the annual oil transportation capacity is 1.5 million tons. The double track crosses 41 rivers and rivers, 7 trunk highways and 3 railways. The Yellow River crossing is constructed by sand washing and sedimentation method. The Linqi line and Linji double track are designed by Shengli Oilfield Design Institute and constructed by Shengli oilfield construction company

Dongying Huangdao (Donghuang line), built in 1973, was put into operation on July 7, 1974. It was originally 248.93 kilometers long, designed by Shengli Oilfield Design Institute and constructed by Shengli oilfield construction company. After taking over, the pipeline bureau carried out technical transformation on the whole line in 1984. The pipeline has a total length of 245.32 kilometers and an annual oil transportation capacity of 10million tons. In July, 1986, after the completion of the Donghuang double track line, the Donghuang line was immediately swept and shut down. On August 23rd, 1998, the oil transportation was resumed (Shengli oil was transported by Donghuang line, and imported oil was transported by Donghuang double track line). The reconstruction and restoration project was designed by the original pipeline survey and Design Institute and constructed by the fourth pipeline company and the pipeline installation company affiliated to Shengli Oil Transportation company

the Donghuang double track railway was started in 1985 and put into operation on July 17, 1986. The total length is 248.52 kilometers, the design pressure is 6.5 MPa, and the scale used for the annual oil transportation capacity includes 9 scales a, B, C, D, e, F, G, h, K, etc. 20million tons. This is the first automated oil pipeline built in China. It is designed by the pipeline survey and Design Institute. The automation part is jointly designed with foreign companies, and the second and third pipeline companies construct it

onshore product oil pipeline

the earliest long-distance product oil pipeline in China is the grid connected product oil pipeline started construction in 1973, starting from Golmud City, Qinghai Province and finally Lhasa City, Tibet Autonomous Region. In October, 1977, all the projects were basically completed. The pipeline has a total length of 1080 kilometers and an annual transmission capacity of 250000 tons

the Golmud Lhasa refined oil pipeline was organized and built by the General Logistics Department of the Chinese people's Liberation Army, and carried out by the oil pipeline group of the Qinghai Tibet Military Station Department of the General Logistics Department. The Golmud Lhasa pipeline crossed 108 rivers such as chumar River, Tuotuo River and Tongtian River at the source of the Yangtze River, and crossed 9 mountains such as Kunlun Mountain and Tanggula Mountain. More than 900 kilometers of pipelines are located in cold regions with an altitude of more than 4000 meters (the highest point is more than 5200 meters), and 560 kilometers are laid in permafrost. The thickness of the frozen soil layer ranges from a few meters to hundreds of meters. There are ice cones, ice mounds, explosive water swelling mounds, as well as thick groundwater, thermal melting and collapse and other special adverse geological phenomena. There are many difficulties, and the construction is very difficult. Golmud Lhasa line is the first domestic sequential transportation process, which transports gasoline, diesel, aviation kerosene and kerosene for lamps in four varieties and five models. It supplies oil to gas stations and Lhasa along the Qinghai Tibet highway for both military and civilian purposes

after the oil supply of the Golmud Lhasa line, it is not only conducive to border defense and war preparedness, but also injected vitality into Tibet, the roof of the world, and created economic prosperity. It can be said that where oil flows, there will be qualitative changes in economic life, thus establishing the special status of Tibet as an "oil economy"

the product oil pipeline with a long distance is also the Fushun Petrochemical to Yingkou Bayuquan pipeline, which was completed in 1995, with a total length of 246 kilometers; In 1999, the pipeline between Tianjin Binhai International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport was completed, with a total length of 185 kilometers; The Lanzhou Chengdu Chongqing pipeline, which started construction on October 22, 2000, has a total length of more than 1200 kilometers and is currently under construction

Northwest gas transmission pipeline

the Shaanxi Beijing line from Jingbian to Beijing is a national key project and the backbone project of the early West to east gas transmission. It is the gas transmission pipeline with the highest construction level in China at present

The Shaanxi Beijing line from Jingbian to Beijing is the first long-distance, large-diameter and highly automated gas transmission pipeline in China. It was started in March 1996 and completed on September 10, 1997, with a total length of 918.42 kilometers, a design pressure of 6.4 MPa, and an annual gas transmission capacity of 1.32 billion cubic meters without pressurization. After being put into operation, the second phase booster station (Yulin compressor station) was completed on November 10, 1999, with an annual gas transmission capacity of 2.2 billion cubic meters. Phase III pressurization (West of the Yellow River and Yingxian pressurization station) was completed on November 15, 2000, with an annual gas transmission capacity of 3.3 billion cubic meters

the Shaanxi Beijing trunk line starts from Jingbian County, Shaanxi Province

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